Latest 1.1.9
License Apache License 2.0
Platforms ios 9.0, osx 10.11
Dependencies BigInt, Result, CryptoSwift, secp256k1_ios, PromiseKit, scrypt
Frameworks CoreImage

web3swiftAsk questions

Important notices

The work for 2.0 release is about to start. Ideas for new more Swift idiomatic API are welcome in issues.


web3swift is your toolbelt for any kind interactions with Ethereum network.


  • Swift implementation of web3.js functionality :zap:
  • Interaction with remote node via JSON RPC :thought_balloon:
  • Smart-contract ABI parsing :book:
  • ABI deconding (V2 is supported with return of structures from public functions. Part of 0.4.22 Solidity compiler)
  • RLP encoding
  • Interactions (read/write to Smart contracts) :arrows_counterclockwise:
  • Local keystore management (geth compatible)
  • Literally following the standards:
  • BIP32 HD Wallets: Deterministic Wallet
  • BIP39 (Seed phrases)
  • BIP44 (Key generation prefixes)
  • EIP-155 (Replay attacks protection) enforced!

Account Managment:

  • [x] Create Account
  • [x] Import Account
  • [x] Manage user’s private keys through encrypted keystore abstractions

Transactions operations:

  • [x] Sign transactions
  • [x] Send transactions, call functions of smart-contracts, estimate gas costs
  • [x] Serialize and deserialize transactions and results to native Swift types
  • [x] Check transaction results and get the receipt
  • [x] Parse event logs for the transaction
  • [x] Convenience functions for chain state: block number, gas price
  • [x] Batched requests in concurrent mode, check balances of 580 tokens (from the latest MyEtherWallet repo) over 3 seconds

Design decisions

  • Not every JSON RPC function is exposed yet, and priority is given to the ones required for mobile devices
  • Functionality was focused on serializing and signing transactions locally on the device to send raw transactions to Ethereum network
  • Requirements for password input on every transaction are indeed a design decision. Interface designers can save user passwords with the user’s consent
  • Public function for private key export is exposed for user convenience but marked as UNSAFE_ :) Normal workflow takes care of EIP155 compatibility and proper clearing of private key data from memory


You can try it yourself by running the example project:

  • Clone the repo: git clone
  • Move to the repo: cd web3swift/Example/web3swiftExample
  • Install Dependencies: pod install
  • Open: open ./web3swiftExample.xcworkspace



Web3swift requires Swift 4.1 and iOS 9.0 or macOS 10.11 although we recommend using the latest iOS and MacOS versions for your safety. Don’t forget to set the iOS version in a Podfile. Otherwise, you get an error if the deployment target is less than the latest SDK.


CocoaPods is a dependency manager for Cocoa projects. You can install it with the following command:

$ sudo gem install cocoapods

To integrate web3swift into your Xcode project using CocoaPods, specify it in your Podfile:

source ''
platform :ios, '9.0'

target '<Your Target Name>' do
    pod 'web3swift'

Then, run the following command:

$ pod install

Getting started

Here are a few use cases:

Create Account

    // Create keystore and account with password.

    let keystore = try! EthereumKeystoreV3(password: "changeme"); // generates a private key internally if node "privateKey" parameter supplied
        let account = keystore!.addresses![0]

        let data = try! keystore!.serialize() // internally serializes to JSON
        print(try! JSONSerialization.jsonObject(with: data!, options: JSONSerialization.ReadingOptions(rawValue:0)))
        let key = try! keystore!.UNSAFE_getPrivateKeyData(password: "changeme", account: account) // you should rarely use this and expose a key manually   

Save keystore to the memory

//First you need a `KeystoreManager` instance:
guard let userDirectory = NSSearchPathForDirectoriesInDomains(.documentDirectory, .userDomainMask, true).first,
    let keystoreManager = KeystoreManager.managerForPath(userDirectory + "/keystore")
else {
    fatalError("Couldn't create a KeystoreManager.")

//Next you create a new Keystore:

let newKeystore = try? EthereumKeystoreV3(password: "YOUR_PASSWORD")

// Then you save the created keystore to the file system:

let newKeystoreJSON = try? JSONEncoder().encode(newKeystore.keystoreParams)
FileManager.default.createFile(atPath: "(keystoreManager.path)/keystore.json", contents: newKeystoreJSON, attributes: nil)

// Later you can retreive it:

if let address = keystoreManager.addresses?.first,
let retrievedKeystore = keystoreManager.walletForAddress(address) as? EthereumKeystoreV3 {
    return retrievedKeystore

Initializing Ethereum address

let coldWalletAddress = EthereumAddress("0x6394b37Cf80A7358b38068f0CA4760ad49983a1B")
let constractAddress = EthereumAddress("0x45245bc59219eeaaf6cd3f382e078a461ff9de7b", ignoreChecksum: true)

Ethereum addresses are checksum checked if they are not lowercased or uppercased and always length checked

Setting options

var options = Web3Options.defaultOptions()
    // public var to: EthereumAddress? = nil - to what address transaction is aimed
    // public var from: EthereumAddress? = nil - form what address it should be sent (either signed locally or on the node)
    // public var gasLimit: BigUInt? = BigUInt(90000) - default gas limit
    // public var gasPrice: BigUInt? = BigUInt(5000000000) - default gas price, quite small
    // public var value: BigUInt? = BigUInt(0) - amount of WEI sent along the transaction
options.gasPrice = gasPrice
options.gasLimit = gasLimit
options.from = EthereumAddress("0xE6877A4d8806e9A9F12eB2e8561EA6c1db19978d")

Encoding Transaction


Signing Transaction


Getting ETH balance

let address = EthereumAddress("0xE6877A4d8806e9A9F12eB2e8561EA6c1db19978d")!
let web3Main = Web3.InfuraMainnetWeb3()
let balanceResult = web3Main.eth.getBalance(address)
guard case .success(let balance) = balanceResult else {return}

Getting gas price

let web3Main = Web3.InfuraMainnetWeb3()
let gasPriceResult = web3Main.eth.getGasPrice()
guard case .success(let gasPrice) = gasPriceResult else {return}

Sending ETH

let web3Rinkeby = Web3.InfuraRinkebyWeb3()
web3Rinkeby.addKeystoreManager(bip32keystoreManager) // attach a keystore if you want to sign locally. Otherwise unsigned request will be sent to remote node
options.from = bip32ks?.addresses?.first! // specify from what address you want to send it
intermediateSend = web3Rinkeby.contract(Web3.Utils.coldWalletABI, at: coldWalletAddress, abiVersion: 2)!.method(options: options)! // an address with a private key attached in not different from any other address, just has very simple ABI
let sendResultBip32 = intermediateSend.send(password: "changeme")

ERC20 Iteraction:

Getting ERC20 token balance

let contractAddress = EthereumAddress("0x45245bc59219eeaaf6cd3f382e078a461ff9de7b")! // BKX token on Ethereum mainnet
let contract = web3.contract(Web3.Utils.erc20ABI, at: contractAddress, abiVersion: 2)! // utilize precompiled ERC20 ABI for your concenience
guard let bkxBalanceResult = contract.method("balanceOf", parameters: [coldWalletAddress] as [AnyObject], options: options)?.call(options: nil) else {return} // encode parameters for transaction
guard case .success(let bkxBalance) = bkxBalanceResult, let bal = bkxBalance["0"] as? BigUInt else {return} // bkxBalance is [String: Any], and parameters are enumerated as "0", "1", etc in order of being returned. If returned parameter has a name in ABI, it is also duplicated
print("BKX token balance = " + String(bal))

Sending ERC20

var convenienceTransferOptions = Web3Options.defaultOptions()
convenienceTransferOptions.gasPrice = gasPriceRinkeby
let convenienceTokenTransfer = web3Rinkeby.eth.sendERC20tokensWithNaturalUnits(tokenAddress: EthereumAddress("0xa407dd0cbc9f9d20cdbd557686625e586c85b20a")!, from: (ks?.addresses?.first!)!, to: EthereumAddress("0x6394b37Cf80A7358b38068f0CA4760ad49983a1B")!, amount: "0.0001", options: convenienceTransferOptions) // there are also convenience functions to send ETH and ERC20 under the .eth structure
let gasEstimateResult = convenienceTokenTransfer!.estimateGas(options: nil)
guard case .success(let gasEstimate) = gasEstimateResult else {return}
convenienceTransferOptions.gasLimit = gasEstimate
let convenienceTransferResult = convenienceTokenTransfer!.send(password: "changeme", options: convenienceTransferOptions)
switch convenienceTransferResult {
    case .success(let res):
        print("Token transfer successful")
    case .failure(let error):

Apps using this library

If you are using web3swift in your app or know of an app that uses it, please add it to this list: Apps using this library
It would be much appreciated! 👍

Here is some examples:

If you’ve used this project in a live app, please let us know!

If you are using web3swift in your app or know of an app that uses it, please add it to this list.


  • Full reference web3js functionality
  • Light Ethereum subprotocol (LES) integration

Extra features:

For the latest version, please check develop branch.
Changes made to this branch will be merged into the master branch at some point.

Stay in touch

When using this pod, please make references to this repo and give your start! :)
Nothing makes developers happier than seeing someone else use our work and go wild with it.

If you are using web3swift in your app or know of an app that uses it, please add it to this list.



Special thanks to

  • Gnosis team and their library Bivrost-swift for inspiration for the ABI decoding approach
  • Trust iOS Wallet for the collaboration and discussion of the initial idea
  • Official Ethereum and Solidity docs, everything was written from ground truth standards
  • Authors

Alex Vlasov, @shamatar, [email protected]

Petr Korolev, @skywinder


web3swift is available under the Apache License 2.0 license. See the LICENSE file for more info.

Latest podspec

    "name": "web3swift",
    "version": "1.1.9",
    "summary": "Web3 implementation in vanilla Swift for iOS ans macOS",
    "description": "Web3 implementation in vanilla Swift, intended for mobile developers of wallets, Dapps and Web3.0",
    "homepage": "",
    "license": "Apache License 2.0",
    "authors": {
        "Alex Vlasov": "[email protected]"
    "source": {
        "git": "",
        "tag": "1.1.9"
    "social_media_url": "",
    "swift_version": "4.1",
    "module_name": "web3swift",
    "platforms": {
        "ios": "9.0",
        "osx": "10.11"
    "public_header_files": "web3swift/**/*.{h}",
    "source_files": [
    "pod_target_xcconfig": {
    "frameworks": "CoreImage",
    "dependencies": {
        "BigInt": [
            "~> 3.1"
        "Result": [
            "~> 4.0"
        "CryptoSwift": [
            "~> 0.11"
        "secp256k1_ios": [
            "~> 0.1"
        "PromiseKit": [
            "~> 6.3"
        "scrypt": [
            "~> 2.0"

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