Latest 1.5.0
License Apache 2.0
Platforms ios 8.0, osx 10.9, tvos 9.0, watchos 2.0, requires ARC

Swift logo

Swift Protobuf

Welcome to Swift Protobuf!

Apple’s Swift programming language is a perfect
complement to Google’s Protocol
("protobuf") serialization
They both emphasize high performance and programmer safety.

This project provides both the command-line program that adds Swift
code generation to Google’s protoc and the runtime library that is
necessary for using the generated code.
After using the protoc plugin to generate Swift code from your .proto
files, you will need to add this library to your project.

Features of SwiftProtobuf

SwiftProtobuf offers many advantages over alternative serialization

  • Safety: The protobuf code-generation system avoids the
    errors that are common with hand-built serialization code.
  • Correctness: SwiftProtobuf passes both its own extensive
    test suite and Google’s full conformance test for protobuf
  • Schema-driven: Defining your data structures in a separate
    .proto schema file clearly documents your communications
  • Idiomatic: SwiftProtobuf takes full advantage of the Swift language.
    In particular, all generated types provide full Swift copy-on-write
    value semantics.
  • Efficient binary serialization: The .serializedData()
    method returns a Data with a compact binary form of your data.
    You can deserialize the data using the init(serializedData:)
  • Standard JSON serialization: The .jsonUTF8Data() method returns a JSON
    form of your data that can be parsed with the init(jsonUTF8Data:)
  • Hashable, Equatable: The generated struct can be put into a
    Set<> or Dictionary<>.
  • Performant: The binary and JSON serializers have been
    extensively optimized.
  • Extensible: You can add your own Swift extensions to any
    of the generated types.

Best of all, you can take the same .proto file and generate
Java, C++, Python, or Objective-C for use on other platforms. The
generated code for those languages will use the exact same
serialization and deserialization conventions as SwiftProtobuf, making
it easy to exchange serialized data in binary or JSON forms, with no
additional effort on your part.


More information is available in the associated documentation:

  • Google’s protobuf documentation
    provides general information about protocol buffers, the protoc compiler,
    and how to use protocol buffers with C++, Java, and other languages.
  • documents the protoc-gen-swift
    plugin that adds Swift support to the protoc program
  • documents how to use the generated code.
    This is recommended reading for anyone using SwiftProtobuf in their
  • has the generated
    API documentation
  • documents the internal structure
    of the generated code and the library. This
    should only be needed by folks interested in working on SwiftProtobuf
  • documents the style
    guidelines we have adopted in our codebase if you are interested in

Getting Started

If you’ve worked with Protocol Buffers before, adding Swift support is very
simple: you just need to build the protoc-gen-swift program and copy it into
your PATH.
The protoc program will find and use it automatically, allowing you
to build Swift sources for your proto files.
You will also, of course, need to add the SwiftProtobuf runtime library to
your project as explained below.

System Requirements

To use Swift with Protocol buffers, you’ll need:

  • A Swift 4.0 or later compiler (Xcode 9.1 or later). Support is included
    for the Swift Package Manager; or using the included Xcode project. The Swift
    protobuf project is being developed and tested against the latest release
    version of Swift available from

  • Google’s protoc compiler. The Swift protoc plugin is being actively
    developed and tested against the latest protobuf sources.
    The SwiftProtobuf tests need a version of protoc which supports the
    swift_prefix option (introduced in protoc 3.2.0).
    It may work with earlier versions of protoc.
    You can get recent versions from
    Google’s github repository.

Building and Installing the Code Generator Plugin

To translate .proto files into Swift, you will need both Google’s
protoc compiler and the SwiftProtobuf code generator plugin.

Building the plugin should be simple on any supported Swift platform:

$ git clone
$ cd swift-protobuf

Pick what released version of SwiftProtobuf you are going to use. You can get
a list of tags with:

$ git tag -l

Once you pick the version you will use, set your local state to match, and
build the protoc plugin:

$ git checkout tags/[tag_name]
$ swift build --static-swift-stdlib -c release

This will create a binary called protoc-gen-swift in the .build/release
To install, just copy this one executable into a directory that is
part of your PATH environment variable.

Alternatively install via Homebrew

If you prefer using Homebrew:

$ brew install swift-protobuf

This will install protoc compiler and Swift code generator plugin.

Converting .proto files into Swift

To generate Swift output for your .proto files, you run the protoc command as
usual, using the --swift_out=<directory> option:

$ protoc --swift_out=. my.proto

The protoc program will automatically look for protoc-gen-swift in your
PATH and use it.

Each .proto input file will get translated to a corresponding .pb.swift
file in the output directory.

More information about building and using protoc-gen-swift can be found
in the detailed Plugin documentation.

Adding the SwiftProtobuf library to your project…

To use the generated code, you need to include the SwiftProtobuf library
module in your project. How you do this will vary depending on how
you’re building your project. Note that in all cases, we strongly recommend
that you use the version of the SwiftProtobuf library that corresponds to
the version of protoc-gen-swift you used to generate the code.

…using swift build

After copying the .pb.swift files into your project, you will need to add the
SwiftProtobuf library to your
project to support the generated code.
If you are using the Swift Package Manager, add a dependency to your
Package.swift file and import the SwiftProtobuf library into the desired
targets. Adjust the "1.4.0" here to match the [tag_name] you used to build
the plugin above:

dependencies: [
    .package(url: "", from: "1.4.0"),
targets: [
    .target(name: "MyTarget", dependencies: ["SwiftProtobuf"]),

…using Xcode

If you are using Xcode, then you should:

  • Add the .pb.swift source files generated from your protos directly to your
  • Add the appropriate SwiftProtobuf_<platform> target from the Xcode project
    in this package to your project.

…using CocoaPods

If you’re using CocoaPods, add this to your Podfile adjusting the :tag to
match the [tag_name] you used to build the plugin above:

pod 'SwiftProtobuf', '~> 1.0'

And run pod install.

(Swift 3 frameworks require CocoaPods 1.1 or newer)

…using Carthage

If you’re using Carthage, add this to your Cartfile but adjust the tag to match the [tag_name] you used to build the plugin above:

github "apple/swift-protobuf" ~> 1.0

Run carthage update and drag SwiftProtobuf.framework into your Xcode.project.

Quick Start

Once you have installed the code generator, used it to
generate Swift code from your .proto file, and
added the SwiftProtobuf library to your project, you can
just use the generated types as you would any other Swift

For example, you might start with the following very simple
proto file:

syntax = "proto3";

message BookInfo {
   int64 id = 1;
   string title = 2;
   string author = 3;

Then generate Swift code using:

$ protoc --swift_out=. DataModel.proto

The generated code will expose a Swift property for
each of the proto fields as well as a selection
of serialization and deserialization capabilities:

// Create a BookInfo object and populate it:
var info = BookInfo() = 1734
info.title = "Really Interesting Book" = "Jane Smith"

// As above, but generating a read-only value:
let info2 = BookInfo.with {
    $ = 1735
    $0.title = "Even More Interesting"
    $ = "Jane Q. Smith"

// Serialize to binary protobuf format:
let binaryData: Data = try info.serializedData()

// Deserialize a received Data object from `binaryData`
let decodedInfo = try BookInfo(serializedData: binaryData)

// Serialize to JSON format as a Data object
let jsonData: Data = try info.jsonUTF8Data()

// Deserialize from JSON format from `jsonData`
let receivedFromJSON = try BookInfo(jsonUTF8Data: jsonData)

You can find more information in the detailed
API Documentation.

Report any issues

If you run into problems, please send us a detailed report.
At a minimum, please include:

  • The specific operating system and version (for example, "macOS 10.12.1" or
    "Ubuntu 16.10")
  • The version of Swift you have installed (from swift --version)
  • The version of the protoc compiler you are working with from
    protoc --version
  • The specific version of this source code (you can use git log -1 to get the
    latest commit ID)
  • Any local changes you may have

Latest podspec

    "name": "SwiftProtobuf",
    "version": "1.5.0",
    "license": {
        "type": "Apache 2.0",
        "file": "LICENSE.txt"
    "summary": "Swift Protobuf code generator plugin and runtime library",
    "homepage": "",
    "authors": "Apple Inc.",
    "source": {
        "git": "",
        "tag": "1.5.0"
    "requires_arc": true,
    "platforms": {
        "ios": "8.0",
        "osx": "10.9",
        "tvos": "9.0",
        "watchos": "2.0"
    "cocoapods_version": ">= 1.1.0",
    "source_files": "Sources/SwiftProtobuf/**/*.swift"

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