Latest 2.0.0
Homepage https://github.com/ukitaka/RealmIO
License MIT
Platforms ios 8.0, osx 10.9, watchos 2.0, tvos 9.0
Dependencies RealmSwift
Frameworks Foundation
Authors

Build Status
codecov
License: MIT

[CocoaPods]()
Carthage compatible

RealmIO makes Realm operation more safely, reusable and composable by using reader monad.

Motivation

Realm operations (especially write operations) is not reusable if you write a function as follows:

func addDog(name: String) throws {
    let realm = try Realm()
    try realm.write {
        let dog = Dog()
        dog.name = name
        realm.add(dog)
    }
}

At first glance, It works well, but actually there are some problems if you call this function multiple times.

addDog(name: "Taro")
addDog(name: "Jiro")
  • You cannot add 2 dog objects in a same transaction. In this case, realm.write is called twice.
  • Typically, to begin transaction is very slow, and realm.write locks realm instance. We should not call realm.write needlessly.

img img

You can also write this function as follows:

func addDog(name: String, to realm: Realm) {
    let dog = Dog()
    dog.name = name
    realm.add(dog)
}
try realm.write {
    addDog(name: "Taro", to: realm)
    addDog(name: "Jiro", to: realm)
}

2 addDog calls will be run in a same transaction, but user needs to call realm.write by oneself.

  • The user can not judge from the signature whether to begin a transaction by oneself.
  • It is sometimes painfully to pass Realm instance as argument explicitly.

Usage

Define Realm operation as RealmIO

RealmIO<RW, T> represents a realm operation.

  • RW is actually ReadOnly or ReadWrite. It represents that operation is readonly or not.
  • T is a return value type.

and you can also use RealmRO<T> and RealmRW<T>, these are just alias of RealmIO<ReadOnly, T> and RealmIO<ReadWrite, T> .

public typealias RealmRO<T> = RealmIO<ReadOnly, T>

public typealias RealmRW<T> = RealmIO<ReadWrite, T>

For example, operation that reads User object from realm is typed RealmRO<User>.

func find(by userID: Int) -> RealmRO<User> {
    ...
}

If you already know about reader monad, RealmIO<RW, T> is the same as Reader<Realm, T>, except for the RW type parameter.

Run Realm operation with realm.run(io:)

You can run preceding realm operation with realm.run(io:).

let io: RealmRO<User> = find(by: 123)
let result = try? realm.run(io: io)

If operation needs to write to realm (it means io is an instance of RealmRW<T>),
realm.run(io:) begins transaction automatically.

realm.run(io:) throws 2 error types.

  • Realm.Error
  • Error that thrown by user

Compose realm operation with flatMap

flatMap allows you to compose realm actions.

func add(dog: Dog) -> RealmRW<Void> {
    ...
}

func add(cat: Cat) -> RealmRW<Void> {
    ...
}

let io: RealmRW<Void> = add(dog: myDog).flatMap { _ in add(cat: myCat) }

And you can run composed operation in a same transaction.

realm.run(io: io) // Add `myDog` and `myCat` in a same transaction.

RW type parameter of composed operation is determined by 2 operation types.

read.flatMap { _ in read }   // ReadOnly
read.flatMap { _ in write }  // ReadWrite
write.flatMap { _ in read }  // ReadWrite
write.flatMap { _ in write } // ReadWrite

Use convenient operator

Realm.IO provides useful operators to create RealmIO instance.
See: Realm+Operator.swift

NOTE: Some of methods provided by RealmIO are not thread safe yet.

Some methods that takes Object as an argument such as Realm.IO.add, Realm.IO.delete are not thread safe for now.
It is not better to pass Object directly. If you want to use this method safely, you should call realm.run(io:) in a same thread, or use with flatMap.

// OK: call `realm.run(io:)` in a same thread.
let io1 = Realm.IO.add(object)
try realm.run(io: io1)

// OK: use with `flatMap`
let io2 = Realm.IO.objects(Dog.self).flatMap(Realm.IO.delete)
try realm.run(io: io2)

Since ThreadSafeReference has a constraint that references can not be resolved within write transactions, implementation with ThreadSafeReference can not be done in 2.0. I’m considering measures after the next version.

Installation

CocoaPods

pod 'RealmIO'

Carthage

github "ukitaka/RealmIO"

Requirements

  • Xcode 9
  • swift 4.0
  • Realm ~> 3.0

RealmIO supports following platforms.

  • iOS 8.0+
  • macOS 10.10+
  • watchOS 2.0+
  • tvOS 9.0+

Credits

RealmIO was inspired by Slick‘s DBIOAction.

Latest podspec

{
    "name": "RealmIO",
    "version": "2.0.0",
    "summary": "RealmIO makes Realm operation more safely, reusable and composable by using reader monad.",
    "description": "RealmIO makes Realm operation more safely, reusable and composable by using reader monad.n- Define Realm operation as `RealmIO`n- Run Realm operation with `realm.run(io:)`n- Compose realm operation with `flatMap`",
    "homepage": "https://github.com/ukitaka/RealmIO",
    "license": {
        "type": "MIT",
        "file": "LICENSE"
    },
    "authors": {
        "ukitaka": "[email protected]"
    },
    "platforms": {
        "ios": "8.0",
        "osx": "10.9",
        "watchos": "2.0",
        "tvos": "9.0"
    },
    "source": {
        "git": "https://github.com/ukitaka/RealmIO.git",
        "tag": "2.0.0"
    },
    "source_files": "Sources/**/*",
    "frameworks": "Foundation",
    "dependencies": {
        "RealmSwift": [
            "~> 3.0"
        ]
    },
    "pushed_with_swift_version": "4.0"
}

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