Latest 0.3.0
Homepage https://github.com/xlasne/Quantwm
License MIT
Platforms ios 11.0, osx 10.11
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Quantwm is a Swift framework, which takes binding concepts to a whole new level.
It aggregates the good concepts of many other leading frameworks in a simple and powerful architecture pattern, in order to manage efficiently the most complex IOS or MacOS into a fully decoupled, MVVM, data centric, contract-based, Flux-like, synchronous, stateful architecture, with single-responsibility principle, well suited for complex or large team project.

To understand the underlying concept, I encourage you to read the presentation in QuantwmCocoaheadsJan2018.pdf

As the framework manages all the dependencies between the model and its clients, and impose strict interaction rules aiming to eliminate as much as possible variability and dependencies between them, project can grow to large level of complexity while keeping code simple and stable. The reduction of interactions between components and application states reduce the exponential increase of possible state and execution scenario.

It is also a good pattern to follow for mid-level developers, because it answers to all the architecture question that arise when trying to follow MVVM pattern the first time.

It relies on several key concepts:

  • Data Centric: All communication between View Controllers is done via the Data Model.
  • Contract-based: Interaction between Data Model and clients is synchronous, and is based on one of the 3 contracts:
    • Update transaction: Triggered by an Action (User UI input, system event, end of background processing), it allows any read or write, and delay the publish of priority and smart notifications at the end of the transaction.
    • Priority notification: Notification sent by the Data Model, based on a registration indicating which property are Read and what is the hard-coded priority of the scheduling of this notification. Allows to read or write anything in the Data Model.
    • Smart notification: Notification sent by the Data Model, based on a registration indicating which property are Read and Written. Allows to read or write only the registered properties. Scheduled after the Priority notifications, and ordered according to the read/write dependencies in order to be sent only once during the event loop, if any of the registered properties have changed.
  • Thread-safe & Synchronous: because all interactions with the Data Model shall occur on the main thread. This guaranties that the notification content matches the current state of the data model, and eliminate any uncertainty versus the current state of the other controllers. It also eases debugging, because the action triggering the notification is always at the base of the call stack.
  • Flux-like: Clear decoupling between the Action and the processing or refresh resulting from this Action.
  • Stateful: Because the state of the application is the state of the model. Undo/Redo can be performed by rolling back and forth the model, and all the UI and View Hierarchy will be updated from it.
  • MVVM based.

Quantwm can be used with several level of integration.
In its most advanced form, it relies heavily on Sourcery, in order to generate a Model Scheme from the model. This Model Scheme allows an easy generation of the read and write property path needed by Registration.

Example

To run the example project, clone the repo, and run pod install from the Example directory first.

Requirements

Sourcery configuration

  • Install sourcery 0.8.0 via CocoaPods
  • Include Sourcery_QuantwmProperties.stencil in YourProject/CodeGen/Templates directory
  • Include Sourcery_QuantwmModel.stencil in the YourProject/CodeGen/Templates directory
  • Create YourProject/CodeGen/Generated directory
  • Include Sourcery in your build phase before the compilation steps, with this command line:
./Pods/Sourcery/bin/sourcery
    --sources YourProject
    --templates YourProject/CodeGen/Templates
    --output YourProject/CodeGen/Generated
  • Build your project, and include the file CodeGen/Generated/Sourcery_QuantwmModel.generated.Swift in your project.

  • Include the Quantwm.swift file in your project, in order to have sourcery autogenerating these protocols for you.
protocol QWNode_S: QWNode {}
protocol QWRoot_S: QWRoot {}

Model QWNode instrumentation

For each class or struct belonging to the model and containing monitored properties:

  • include QWNode_S protocol.
  • add the sourcery inline inside (beware to correctly set the name of your class when copy-pasting this line)
class MyClass: QWNode_S {

  // sourcery:inline:MyClass.QuantwmDeclarationInline
  // sourcery:end  
}
  • On build, Sourcery will implement QWNode Protocol between the inline Sourcery commands:
class MyClass: QWNode_S {

  // sourcery:inline:MyClass.QuantwmDeclarationInline
  // MARK: - Sourcery

  // QWNode protocol
  func getQWCounter() -> QWCounter {
    return qwCounter
  }
  let qwCounter = QWCounter(name:"PlaylistsCollection")
  func getPropertyArray() -> [QWProperty] {
      return PlaylistsCollectionQWModel.getPropertyArray()
  }
  // sourcery:end  
}
  • Your Model shall have a Root class, containing all the monitored properties / node in a tree.
    This root class shall have the additional QWRoot_S protocol (for model generation), and be a class, not a struct.
class DataModel : QWRoot_S, QWNode_S  {
  // sourcery: root
  static let dataModelK = QWRootProperty(rootType: DataModel.self,
  rootId: "dataModel")
  ...

  // sourcery:inline:DataModel.QuantwmDeclarationInline
  // sourcery:end

}

QWMediator and ViewModel Customization

See Quantwm.swift in the Project example to see how to customize:

  • The access ot the QWMediator
  • The access to your data model
  • Your generic View Model

QWMediator shall be owned by the NSDocument or AppDelegate class.

Model Property generation

Then, for each monitored property of your QWNode:

  • Make the property fileprivate (recommended)
  • Start the name of the property with _ character.
  • Add a sourcery command before your property
  • Build:
class MyClass: QWNode_S {

  // sourcery: property
  fileprivate var _total: Int = -1

  // sourcery:inline:MyClass.QuantwmDeclarationInline

  ...

  // Quantwm Property: total
  static let totalK = QWPropProperty(
      propertyKeypath: PlaylistsCollection.total,
      description: "_total")
  var total : Int {
    get {
      self.qwCounter.read(PlaylistsCollection.totalK)
      return _total
    }
    set {
      self.qwCounter.write(PlaylistsCollection.totalK)
      _total = newValue
    }
  }
  // sourcery:end  
}

Sourcery property command are composed of a main command,
followed by optional modifiers.

The main command is one of these 4 commands:
// sourcery: root
// sourcery: node
// sourcery: property
// sourcery: sharedProperty = "MyClass.propertyK"

  • Use root command to define the unique root of your Model, in the QWRoot class.

    // sourcery: root
    static let dataModelK = QWRootProperty(rootType: DataModel.self,
                                       rootId: "dataModel")
  • Use node command to monitor a reference type, and the reference type shall be compliant with QWNode protocol.

  • Use property command to monitor a value type

  • Use sharedProperty command to share a property counter with an other property of your class. An update of any property sharing the same counter will increment this counter.

Then the modifiers are:

discardable

// sourcery: discardable
Will be used in a future version of Quantwm, to indicate properties whose update shall not trigger a save of the document.

readOnly

// sourcery: readOnly
If your property is readOnly, it will not generate the setter. This is useful for computed properties.

type

When the type of the node is a complex type (array, dictionary, etc …), use the type modifier to specify the exact type.

// sourcery: node
// sourcery: type = "HeaderTitle"
var _headerArray: [HeaderTitle] = []

TODO: Improve sourcery script to detect type correctly

allowBackgroundRead , allowBackgroundWrite

To disable the main-thread only access for a monitored property, under your control:

// sourcery: allowBackgroundRead
// sourcery: allowBackgroundWrite

Computed Properties

Quantwm supports Read Only computed properties.
The dependencies inherited from the computed property computation
shall be specified in a static variable, and added with sourcery: dependency modifier.

// MARK: - Computed Properties
// Shall be read-only
// Dependencies shall be added manually and injected in Model via sourcery dependency annotation.

static let selectedPlaylistDependencies =
    QWModel.root.selectedPlaylistId_Read +
    PlaylistsCollection.playlistsDataSourceMap(root: QWModel.root.playlistsCollection)

// sourcery: property
// sourcery: readOnly
// sourcery: dependency = "DataModel.selectedPlaylistDependencies"
fileprivate var _selectedPlaylist: Playlist? {
    if let playlistId = selectedPlaylistId {
        return playlistsCollection.playlist(playlistId: playlistId)
    }
    return nil
}

Model Scheme

Once your model is instrumented, Sourcery_QuantwmModel.generated.Swift contains the generated model scheme, allowing to easily select the read and write path.

To select a read property: QWModel.root.playlistsCollection.playlistArray_Read
To select a write property: QWModel.root.playlistsCollection.playlistArray_Write

To select a read node: QWModel.root.playlistsCollection.selectedPlaylist_Read
To select a write node: QWModel.root.playlistsCollection.selectedPlaylist_Write

To select a read node and all its children: QWModel.root.selectedPlaylist_allRead
To select a write node and all its children: QWModel.root.selectedPlaylist_allWrite

View Model

View Model shall inherit from ViewModel defined in Quantwm.swift

class PlaylistHeaderViewModel: ViewModel
{
    init(mediator: Mediator, owner: String) { ... }

}

Each ViewController shall owns the ViewModel(s) associated to its Views.
Each Processor shall owns the ViewModel associated to its processing.

I usually create them in viewWillAppear and perform registration immediately:

override func viewWillAppear(_ animated: Bool) {
    super.viewWillAppear(animated)

    viewModel = PlaylistHeaderViewModel(mediator: qwMediator,
        owner: "PlaylistViewController")
    viewModel?.updateActionAndRefresh {
        viewModel?.registerObserver(
            registration: PlaylistHeaderViewController.playlistREG,
            target: self,
            selector: #selector(PlaylistHeaderViewController.playlistUpdated)
            )
    }
}

and unregister / delete them in viewDidDisappear:

override func viewDidDisappear(_ animated: Bool) {
    super.viewDidDisappear(animated)
    viewModel?.unregisterDataSet(target: self)
    viewModel = nil
}

View Model Action

During an Action processing, the Data Model update shall be performed in an update transaction, which contains the updateActionAndRefresh closure. Inside this closure, perform the Base property update, and the potential registration. Update Transactions can be nested. If several update are needed, wrap them into a higher level update transaction in order to have a single Action Update Transaction per event loop. The closure of the root transaction triggers the sending of

During a HardScheduling too, perform update of the Data Model derived properties andthe (un)registration of the Child View Controllers inside an update transaction.

    // User Selection
    func selectPreviousUser() {
        updateActionAndRefresh {
            if dataModel.userId > 1 {
                dataModel.userId -= 1
            }
        }
    }

The rule is that on an Action, the ViewController shall just update the model via an update transaction.
ViewController User Interface updates are triggered by the notifications.
There should be only one updateActionAndRefresh call per event loop. If multiple update or registrations are performed,

Registrations

Registrations are detailled in QWRegistration file.

Installation

Quantwm is available through CocoaPods. To install
it, simply add the following line to your Podfile:

pod 'Quantwm'

Author

xlasne, [email protected]

License

Quantwm is available under the MIT license. See the LICENSE file for more info.

Latest podspec

{
    "name": "Quantwm",
    "version": "0.3.0",
    "summary": "Quantwm is a Data Model access layer, which send ordered notifications",
    "description": "Quantwm is an architecture framework, which enforces a lot of rules to eliminate common sources of variability inside a complex application. View Controllers shall only communicate synchronously with the Model, and Quantwm will schedule the notifications inside the event loop first with a hard-coded priority to update the view hierarchy, then according to property depedency to update view content.nThe decoupling help building a clean architecture, with a clear contract and context associated to each entity:n- Source: Writing an event in the modeln- Hard-coded priority processing: Either coordinate and update the view hierarchy, or process the model data.n- Property dependent processing: Register to Read{A,B} and Write {C}. Is only allowed to Read A and B and Write C.n- Property dependent sink: Registered view will update their content once all the previous processing has cleanly formatted the data.",
    "homepage": "https://github.com/xlasne/Quantwm",
    "license": {
        "type": "MIT",
        "file": "LICENSE"
    },
    "authors": {
        "xlasne": "[email protected]"
    },
    "source": {
        "git": "https://github.com/xlasne/Quantwm.git",
        "tag": "0.3.0"
    },
    "platforms": {
        "ios": "11.0",
        "osx": "10.11"
    },
    "source_files": "Quantwm/Classes/**/*",
    "pushed_with_swift_version": "4"
}

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