Latest 1.0.3
Homepage https://github.com/RnDity/NavigationFlowCoordinator
License MIT
Platforms ios 9.0, requires ARC
Frameworks UIKit
Authors

License
Pod Version

Coordinators concept is design pattern helping organize flow of screens in your applications. It’s nicely explained by Krzysztof Zabłocki in this blog post.

NavigationFlowCoordinator is basic implementation of this pattern with some additional useful features.

Installation

CocoaPods:

pod 'NavigationFlowCoordinator'

Coordinator

Coordinator protocol is an abstraction over objects that can start and finish some flow. Usually part of flow controlled by coordinator consists of few UIViewControllers. Coordinator protocol is very simple:

public protocol Coordinator: class {
    func start()
    func finish()
}

Flow Coordinator

FlowCoordinator is basic implementation of Coordinator intended to be subclassed by specific coordinator implementation. FlowCoordinator introduces ability to chain coordinators by child-parent relationship. Any FlowCoordinator can start child coordinator by calling this method:

func start(childCoordinator: FlowCoordinator)

It also gives ability to send and handle FlowEvents. This mechanism is described in details later in this document.

Navigation Flow Coordinator

NavigationFlowCoordinator is flow coordinator implementation helping to deal with controlling flow based on UINavigationController. It’s designed to be subclassed rather than used "as is". Example of very basic implemenation can look like that:

class MoviesListCoordinator: NavigationFlowCoordinator {

    override func createMainViewController() -> UIViewController? {
        let viewController = MoviesListViewController()
        viewController.flowDelegate = self
        return viewController
    }
}

extension MoviesListCoordinator: MovieListFlowDelegate {
    func addNewMovie() {
        // starts child coordinator that handles other part of flow
        start(childCoordinator: MovieCreateOrUpdateCoordinator(movieId: nil))
    }

    func showAbout() {
        // present view controller being part of flow controlled by this coordinator
        push(viewController: AboutViewController())
    }
}

Overriding createMainViewController() method is crucial as the view controller defined this way becomes "main view controller" of coordinator. It means that coordinator finishes its flow as soon as main view controller is popped from navigation controller.
Presenting new view controller can be made by directly pushing it on navigation view controller or by using one of functions wrapping operations on navigation view controller (as in showAbout() method).
When we want to switch to part of flow controlled by other coordinator we need to start child coordinator as in addNewMovie() method. Coordinators chained by child-parent relationship share instance of navigation controller unless any of them overrides navigationController property.
When coordinator starts child coordinator it’s not necessary to store reference to it as internal mechanism will keep this reference for us. The reference will be released once child coordinator finishes (either by popping its main view controller or by calling finish() method).

FlowEvent

Passing data from child cooridnator to its parent is usually made using delegates or blocks.
Sometimes there might be many coordindators in chain and we might want to pass some data from last child coordinator to one of coordinators a few levels up in hierarchy. Doing it with delegates we would have to engage inner coordinators (coordinators between ones interested in passing data) and their delegates even if they are not interested at all in this particular event. We end up adding new methods in each delegate, adding code to trigger these methods on callback from child coordinator and so on.
With usage of FlowEvents, solution to this problem is much simpler. FlowEvents mechanism adds ability to send event object being implementation of FlowEvent protocol. Example:

send(flowEvent: MovieUpdatedFlowEvent(movieId: movieId))

The event can be then handled by any of parent coordinators in chain that are interested in handling this particular event by overriding method:

override func handle(flowEvent: FlowEvent) -> Bool {
    if let movieUpdatedFlowEvent = flowEvent as? MovieUpdatedFlowEvent, movieUpdatedFlowEvent.movieId == movieId {
        movieDetailsViewController.invalidateMovieData()
    }
    return false
}

Coordinator handling the event can prevent event being sent further. Returning true from handle(flowEvent:) function causes the event will no longer be passed up in the hierarchy. By returning false we can handle the event still giving a chance to handle the event by any of parent coordinators.

Example

In the NavigationFlowCoordinatorExample folder you can find example application using NavigationFlowCoordinators.

Latest podspec

{
    "name": "NavigationFlowCoordinator",
    "platforms": {
        "ios": "9.0"
    },
    "summary": "Navigation flow coordinator",
    "authors": {
        "Rafau0142 Urbaniak": "[email protected]"
    },
    "homepage": "https://github.com/RnDity/NavigationFlowCoordinator",
    "license": {
        "type": "MIT"
    },
    "version": "1.0.3",
    "requires_arc": true,
    "source": {
        "git": "https://github.com/RnDity/NavigationFlowCoordinator.git",
        "tag": "1.0.3"
    },
    "source_files": [
        "true",
        "**/*.{h,m,swift}"
    ],
    "exclude_files": "NavigationFlowCoordinatorExample/**/*.*",
    "frameworks": "UIKit",
    "pushed_with_swift_version": "3.0"
}

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