Latest 5.0.0
Homepage https://github.com/cxa/Mvce
License MIT
Platforms ios 8.0, osx 10.9
Authors

Mvce — Event driven MVC

Mvce can be pronounced as /myo͞oz/.

An event driven MVC library to glue decoupled Model, View, and Controller for UIKit/AppKit. Minimal, simple, and unobtrusive.

本文档同时提供简体中文版

Why

UIKit/AppKit is mainly about view. Don’t be misled by the Controller in UIViewController/NSViewController and descendants, they are all views, should be avoided things that belong to a real controller, such as networking, model updating.

How to glue view, model, and controller is upon to you, UIKit/AppKit has no strong options on that. Typically, as the (bad) official examples show to us, we define a model, refer it inside UIViewController/NSViewControllers, and manipulate the model directly. It works like a…charm?

No, it’s M-VC without C, it’s strong coupling, it’s not reusable(for crossing UIKit and AppKit), if you care, it’s also untestable.

How

The key idea of MVC is the separation of Model, View, and Controller. To glue ’em, Mvce provides an alternative way.

Let’s take a taste of Mvce first, here is a simple counter app:

iOS Sample App

All code shows below (whole project here):

// CounterModel.swift:
// Model to represent count
final class CounterModel: NSObject {
  @objc dynamic var count = 0
}

// CounterController.swift:
// Event to represent behavior for button ++ and --
enum CounterEvent {
  case increment
  case decrement
}

// Controller to represent how to update model
struct CounterController: Mvce.Controller {
  typealias Model = CounterModel
  typealias Event = CounterEvent

  func update(model: Model, for event: Event, dispatcher: Dispatcher<Event>) {
    switch event {
    case .increment:
      model.count += 1
    case .decrement:
      model.count -= 1
    }
  }
}

// ViewContorller.swift:
// View to represent model state, and emit event to notify controller to update model
final class ViewController: UIViewController {
  @IBOutlet weak var label: UILabel!
  @IBOutlet weak var incrButton: UIButton!
  @IBOutlet weak var decrButton: UIButton!

  override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()
    Mvce.glue(model: CounterModel(), view: self, controller: CounterController())
  }
}

extension ViewController: View {
  typealias Model = CounterModel
  typealias Event = CounterEvent

  func bind(model: Model, dispatcher: Dispatcher<Event>) -> View.BindingDisposer {
    let observation = model.bind(CounterModel.count, to: label, at: UILabel.text) { String(format: "%d", $0) }
    let action = ButtonAction(sendEvent: dispatcher.send(event:))
    incrButton.addTarget(action, action: #selector(action.incr(_:)), for: .touchUpInside)
    decrButton.addTarget(action, action: #selector(action.decr(_:)), for: .touchUpInside)
    let key: StaticString = #function
    objc_setAssociatedObject(self, key.utf8Start, action, .OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN_NONATOMIC) // Need to retain target
    return observation.invalidate
  }
}

// ButtonAction.swift:
// Helper for button actions
final class ButtonAction: NSObject {
  let sendEvent: (CounterEvent) -> Void

  init(sendEvent: @escaping (CounterEvent) -> Void) {
    self.sendEvent = sendEvent
  }

  @objc func incr(_ sender: Any?) {
    sendEvent(.increment)
  }

  @objc func decr(_ sender: Any?) {
    sendEvent(.decrement)
  }
}

Decouple View and Model

Take a careful look at our ViewController, there’s no any reference to model! Just adopt View protocol and bind model’s count to label inside func bind(model: Model, dispatcher: Dispatcher<Event>) -> View.BindingDisposer. And bind event dispatcher to the increment and decrement buttons.

You can use KVO (this example) or other binding framework/library e.g. ReactiveCocoa w/ ReactiveSwift, RxSwift to bind model to view.

Check Example/RandomImage, which uses ReactiveCocoa for binding.

Decouple View and Controller

There is no any reference to controller inside view too! View protocol also requires you bind event dispatcher. What’s an event dispatcher? Just a wrapper for (Event) -> Void, you can use it to send event, Mvce will dispatch event to controller and inform it to update model.

Glue Model, View, and Controller together

Glue ’em all with Mvce.glue(model:view:controller:), inject to loadView or viewDidLoad in UIViewController/NSViewController. And lifetime is managed by Mvce.

Cross-Platform (iOS & macOS)?

Sure, that’s REAL MVC’s advantage! Model and Controller can be shared, only platform-independent view is required to rewrite.

// macOS/viewController.swift
class ViewController: NSViewController {
  @IBOutlet weak var label: NSTextField!
  @IBOutlet weak var incrButton: NSButton!
  @IBOutlet weak var decrButton: NSButton!

  override func viewDidLoad() {
    super.viewDidLoad()
    Mvce.glue(model: CounterModel(), view: self, controller: CounterController())
  }
}

extension ViewController: View {
  typealias Model = CounterModel
  typealias Event = CounterEvent

  func bind(model: Model, dispatcher: Dispatcher<Event>) -> View.BindingDisposer {
    let observation = model.bind(.count, to: label, at: .stringValue) { String(format: "%d", $0) }
    let action = ButtonAction(sendEvent: dispatcher.send(event:))
    incrButton.target = action
    incrButton.action = #selector(action.incr(_:))
    decrButton.target = action
    decrButton.action = #selector(action.decr(_:))
    let key: StaticString = #function
    objc_setAssociatedObject(self, key.utf8Start, action, .OBJC_ASSOCIATION_RETAIN_NONATOMIC) // Need to retain target
    return observation.invalidate
  }
}

macOS Sample App

That’s it! Remember to check out Example directory for a more complex one.

Don’t forget to run git submodule update --init --recursive in order to install 3rd dependencies if you want to run the RandomImage sample project.

Dispatchable protocol

If you really, really need to access event dispatcher anywhere in View or Controller, just adopt Dispatchable. This’s last resort, I don’t recommend this way, it’s easily to mess up code, violate MVC rules.

License

MIT

Author

Latest podspec

{
    "name": "Mvce",
    "version": "5.0.0",
    "summary": "A minimal, simple, unobtrusive, and event driven MVC library to glue decoupled Model, View, and Controller for UIKit/AppKit.",
    "homepage": "https://github.com/cxa/Mvce",
    "license": "MIT",
    "authors": {
        "CHEN Xian-an": "[email protected]"
    },
    "platforms": {
        "ios": "8.0",
        "osx": "10.9"
    },
    "source": {
        "git": "https://github.com/cxa/Mvce.git",
        "tag": "5.0.0"
    },
    "source_files": "Mvce/*.{h,swift}",
    "swift_version": "4.2"
}

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