Latest 1.0.0
License MIT
Platforms ios 8.0

Design multiple layouts of the same view in Interface Builder, and easily transition between them.


LDOLayoutTemplates lets you achieve this…

Dashboard demo transitions

…with very little code:

class DashboardViewController: UIViewController {
    @IBOutlet weak var portraitLargeListLayout: LDOLayoutTemplate!
    @IBOutlet weak var landscapeLargeListLayout: LDOLayoutTemplate!
    private var defaultLayout: LDOLayoutTemplate!
    private var largeListLayoutActive = false

    override func viewDidLoad() {

        // Create a backup of the initial view contents for later restoration.
        defaultLayout = LDOLayoutTemplate(withCurrentStateForViewsIn: portraitLargeListLayout)

    override func viewWillTransition(to size: CGSize, with coordinator: UIViewControllerTransitionCoordinator) {
        super.viewWillTransition(to: size, with: coordinator)

        coordinator.animate(alongsideTransition: { _ in
            self.applyLayout(for: size)

    @IBAction func toggleLargeListLayout() {

        UIView.animate(withDuration: 0.3) {
            self.applyLayout(for: self.view.bounds.size)

    private func applyLayout(for size: CGSize) {
        if largeListLayoutActive {
            if size.width > size.height {
            } else {
        } else {

The different constraints and attributes of each view are defined by three views in the storyboard:



We love visually creating our views in Interface Builder.
However, if a screen layout differs between orientations, or if a view has two modes (e.g. large and collapsed modes), setting up constraints and managing them in code quickly turns into a mess.
Things only get worse if you have more than two variations.

Wouldn’t it be nice to design each layout separately, with an easy way to transition from one to another?


To run the example project, clone the repo, open the workspace in the Example folder, and click Run.
Alternatively, you can use pod try

The dashboard example shown above is only available on iPad.

How To

  1. In a storyboard, lay out your view controller’s view as usual — let’s assume this will be used in landscape orientation.
  2. Drag a View object from the library onto your view controller scene in the left sidebar, outside of its view hierarchy.
    Change its Custom Class to LDOLayoutTemplate in the right sidebar.

    This is your layout template in which you design the variation (e.g. portrait orientation).
    This view will never be shown to the user, but its constraints (and attributes, see below) will be transferred to the main view.

  3. Change the size of your template view to portrait dimensions (not really necessary, but it makes designing it easier).
  4. Copy or re-create the views whose constraints change between layouts from the view controller’s view to the template view.
    If you copy your views, make sure to disconnect any outlets.
  5. Modify the constraints as needed.
  6. Connect the targetView outlet of each template view to its corresponding view in the view controller’s view.
    It is important that every template view participating in a constraint has this outlet connected.
  7. Add and connect an outlet for the LDOLayoutTemplate to your view controller.
  8. Call apply on the template to switch to this layout, for example on orientation change.
    If you want to animate the transition, wrap the call to apply in an UIView animation block.
  9. If you plan to switch back to your original layout, create another instance of LDOLayoutTemplate (typically in viewDidLoad, as shown in the example code above).
    Initialize this layout using LDOLayoutTemplate.init(withCurrentStateForViewsIn:), which creates an LDOLayoutTemplate based on the current view configuration.
    Call apply on this template to restore the initial state of the view.
  10. Setup as many templates as you need, and happily switch between them.

Attribute Changes

By default, LDOLayoutTemplate only copies Auto Layout constraints from one view to another.
You can also transfer attributes from each view in a template to its targetView by either adding a comma separated list of attributes to Template Attributes in the Attribute Inspector in Interface Builder,
or by overriding transferredTemplateAttributeKeyPaths in your UIView subclass.


Layout guides such as the Safe Area are not supported.
Use helper views anchored to the layout guide instead.


LDOLayoutTemplates is available through CocoaPods.
To install it, add the following line to your Podfile:

pod "LDOLayoutTemplates"

How Does It Work?

This library is actually quite simple, and uses the following approach:

  • Iterate over all views of a template and collect all constraints between views with a target view.
    These are the constraints that will be activated when apply is called.
  • Iterate over all the target views (the ones in your view controller’s view having a targetView outlet
    pointing at them), and collect all constraints between them.
    These constraints will be deactivated when apply is called.
  • The algorithm considers all constraints that are either set up between two views with a target view, or which define width and height constraints for a view with a target view.


Raschke & Ludwig GbR,


LDOLayoutTemplates is available under the MIT license.
See the LICENSE file for more information.

Latest podspec

    "name": "LDOLayoutTemplates",
    "version": "1.0.0",
    "summary": "Design multiple layouts of the same view in IB, and transition between them.",
    "description": "Design multiple layouts of the same view in Interface Builder, and easily transition between them.nnThe best way to understand this library is to read its GitHub README while looking at the example storyboard.",
    "homepage": "",
    "screenshots": "",
    "license": {
        "type": "MIT",
        "file": "LICENSE"
    "authors": {
        "Julian Raschke und Sebastian Ludwig GbR": "[email protected]"
    "source": {
        "git": "",
        "tag": "1.0.0"
    "platforms": {
        "ios": "8.0"
    "source_files": "LDOLayoutTemplates/Classes/**/*"

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