Latest 0.3.0
Homepage https://github.com/artemstepanenko/Dekoter
License MIT
Platforms ios 9.0
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Why You Might Be Interested

Fills a gap left by the missing NSCoding‘s support for Swift structs.
If you’ve ever implemented NSCoding, Koting will be familiar to you as well.

How Much Familiar It Feels

A quick reminder how to implement NSCoding:

class Cat: NSObject, NSCoding {

    let name: String

    init(name: String) {
        self.name = name
    }

    // MARK: - NSCoding

    private struct Key {
        static let name = "name"
    }

    func encode(with aCoder: NSCoder) {
        aCoder.encode(name, forKey: Key.name)
    }

    required convenience init?(coder aDecoder: NSCoder) {
        guard let name = aDecoder.decodeObject(forKey: Key.name) as? String else {
            return nil
        }
        self.init(name: name)
    }
}

Let’s compare it to Koting:

struct Cat: Koting {

    let name: String

    // MARK: - Koting

    private struct Key {
        static let name = "name"
    }

    init?(koter: Koter) {
        guard let name: String = koter.dekotObject(forKey: Key.name) else {
            return nil
        }
        self.init(name: name)
    }

    func enkot(with koter: Koter) {
        koter.enkotObject(name, forKey: Key.name)
    }
}

Thus, not much different besides naming.

To summarize:

  • Add the Koting protocol to the class declaration.
  • Implement init?(koter:) and func enkot(with:).
  • Done!

Once it’s done, the compiler is happy, and you can convert objects to Data and back.

let puss = Cat(name: "Puss")
let data = NSKeyedArchiver.de_archivedData(withRootObject: puss)
guard let againPuss: Cat = NSKeyedUnarchiver.de_unarchiveObject(with: data) else { return }

One More Example

This one is going to depict most of the Dekoter’s features.

struct Cat {

    enum Sex: Int {
        case male
        case female
    }

    let name: String
    let surname: String?
    let sex: Sex
    let nationality: String
    let birthPlace: Place?

    // MARK: - Koting

    private struct Key {
        static let name = "name"
        static let surname = "surname"
        static let sex = "sex"
        static let nationality = "nationality"
        static let birthPlace = "birthPlace"
    }

    init?(koter: Koter) {
        guard let name: String = koter.dekotObject(forKey: Key.name),
            let nationality: String = koter.dekotObject(forKey: Key.nationality),
            let sexValue: Int = koter.dekotObject(forKey: Key.sex),
            let sex = Sex(rawValue: sexValue) else {

            return nil
        }
        let surname: String? = koter.dekotObject(forKey: Key.surname)
        let birthPlace: Place? = koter.dekotObject(forKey: Key.birthPlace)
        self.init(name: name, surname: surname, sex: sex, nationality: nationality, birthPlace: birthPlace)
    }

    func enkot(with koter: Koter) {
        koter.enkotObject(name, forKey: Key.name)
        koter.enkotObject(surname, forKey: Key.surname)
        koter.enkotObject(sex.rawValue, forKey: Key.sex)
        koter.enkotObject(nationality, forKey: Key.nationality)
        koter.enkotObject(birthPlace, forKey: Key.birthPlace)
    }
}

What We’ve Learned from It

  • It’s okay to have optional properties.

As you can see, there’re two optional properties. To encode them you don’t do anything special, enkotObject(_, forKey:) takes optional as the first argument. For decoding you use dekotObject(forKey:) which also returns optional and it’s up to you how whether you unwrap it or not.

  • Koter supports the same parameter types as NSCoding and additionally types which implement Koting.

In the example above Cat has an optional birthPlace property of a type Place.

  • There’s only one method for encoding and one – for decoding.

Regardless the type, you use the same methods: enkotObject(_, forKey:) for encoding and dekotObject(forKey:) for decoding. These methods are generic, they derive a type based on the expected return value, that’s why you should always explicitly specify it.

Features

Save an Object to UserDefaults

There are two methods implemented in a UserDefaults extension: de_set(_, forKey:) and de_object(forKey:)

let murzik = Cat(name: "Murzik", surname: nil, sex: .male, nationality: "GER", birthPlace: nil)
userDefaults.de_set(murzik, forKey: "cat")
let againMurzik: Cat? = userDefaults.de_object(forKey: "cat")

and

let sonya = Cat(name: "Sonya", surname: "Kryvonis", sex: .female, nationality: "UA", birthPlace: Place(country: "Ukraine", city: "Lviv"))
let puff: Cat = Cat(name: "Puff", surname: nil, sex: .female, nationality: "US", birthPlace: nil)
let cats = [ sonya, puff ]
userDefaults.de_set(cats, forKey: Key.cat)
guard let againCats: [Cat] = userDefaults.de_object(forKey: Key.cat) else { return }

Archive and Unarchive an Object

The library contains two extensions for NSKeyedArchiver and NSKeyedUnarchiver with methods for objects which implement the Koting protocol.

let emma = Cat(name: "Emma", surname: "Lambert", sex: .female, nationality: "FR", birthPlace: Place(country: "France", city: "Marseille"))
let data = NSKeyedArchiver.de_archivedData(withRootObject: emma)        
guard let againEmma: Cat = NSKeyedUnarchiver.de_unarchiveObject(with: data) else { return }

and

let sonya = Cat(name: "Sonya", surname: "Kryvonis", sex: .female, nationality: "UA", birthPlace: Place(country: "Ukraine", city: "Lviv"))
let puff: Cat = Cat(name: "Puff", surname: nil, sex: .female, nationality: "US", birthPlace: nil)
let cats = [ sonya, puff ]
let data = NSKeyedArchiver.de_archivedData(withRootObject: cats)
guard let againCats: [Cat] = NSKeyedUnarchiver.de_unarchiveObject(with: data) else { return }

JSON

A JSONSerialization extension makes deserialization from JSON very easy.

let oneCat: Cat? = JSONSerialization.de_jsonObject(with: oneCatData)
let cats: [Cat]? = JSONSerialization.de_jsonObject(with: catsData)

For structs which make use only of this feature there’s no need to implement the Koting protocol (contains 2 methods), instead implement a Dekoting protocol (only 1 method).

Micromission

The library is small but proud of its mission, though the latter is also not that big. It’s willing to serve developers as good as NSCoding does. Developers shouldn’t feel lost and disappointed without a convenient tool to convert their Swift structs to Data and back.

Why Dekoter

You might have noticed a few cats here and there. There’s a reason.
"Kot" in some slavic languages means "cat", and it sounds similar to "code".

"enkot" -> "encode"

"dekot" -> "decode"

"koter" -> "coder"

"koting" -> "coding"

"dekoter" -> "decoder"

Installation

CocoaPods

Add pod 'Dekoter' similar to the following to your Podfile:

target 'MyApp' do
  pod 'Dekoter'
end

Then run a pod install inside your terminal, or from CocoaPods.app.

Collaboration

Dear friends, your help is more than welcome!
There’re multiple ways to support the project.

  • Create an issue.

if you find a problem, or you know how to improve, or you have a question.

  • Create a pull request.

if you develop something important (previously filed as an issue).

  • Send me an email.

if you want to share your either positive or negative experience using the library and have a hard time expressing it in a form of issue. Or, maybe, you don’t want to make it publicly available.

I’m always happy to read an email from you.

License

It’s available under the MIT license. See the LICENSE file for more info.

Dekoter

Latest podspec

{
    "name": "Dekoter",
    "version": "0.3.0",
    "summary": "NSCoding's counterpart for Swift structs.",
    "description": "Fills a gap left by the missing NSCoding's support for Swift structs. If you've ever implemented NSCoding, Koting will be familiar to you as well.",
    "homepage": "https://github.com/artemstepanenko/Dekoter",
    "license": {
        "type": "MIT",
        "file": "LICENSE"
    },
    "authors": {
        "Artem Stepanenko": "[email protected]"
    },
    "source": {
        "git": "https://github.com/artemstepanenko/Dekoter.git",
        "tag": "0.3.0"
    },
    "platforms": {
        "ios": "9.0"
    },
    "source_files": "Dekoter/Classes/**/*",
    "pushed_with_swift_version": "3.0"
}

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