Latest 1.0.0
License MIT
Platforms ios 10.0
Dependencies RxSwift, RxCocoa
Frameworks UIKit, Foundation

Version License Platform

The need for this toolkit came from always reusing the same base classes and extensions in all projects to implement Clean Architecture with a clean usage of viewModels, dataStates

CleanUtils was mainly designed to be included in most projects which is why classes leave space for customization in extensions.


The example project is mostly for development purposes, it doesn’t really show actual features of the project

Still, to run the example project, clone the repo, and run pod install from the Example directory first.


  • RxSwift
  • RxCocoa


CleanUtils is available through CocoaPods. To install
it, simply add the following line to your Podfile:

pod 'CleanUtils'


You will find in this section a list of the classes, and how they are used in some examples


All states come with a basic function called .relay() and with optional parameters specifying which sources can be fetched …

Some are templated types, others are just initialised plain and contains an Any? object.

They are initialised this way in the viewModel. It produces a BehaviorRelay<State>.


ActionState was designed with a sole purpose: executing an action and optionally fetching some data in the meantime.

See Basic Example for more information.

Available variables:

public let response: Any? // Response object
public let loading: Bool // Sounds obvious ^^
public let error: Error? // Error object if one has happened


DataState is a state that allows to load a single object. It also has the possibility to load from remote source and local source at the same time. Using the localDB of your choice, and calling the loadRemote() and loadLocal() with the according Observable resulting from your data source.

It comes with some useful functions to bind the loading and the success events with CleanUITableView and CleanUICollectionView explained a bit later

See Basic Example for more information.

Available variables:

public let data: Data? // Data being a templated type you stated at init
public let localEnabled: Bool // Have you enabled a local source at init ?
public let localLoading: Bool // Is your local source still loading the data ?
public let remoteEnabled: Bool // Have you enabled a remote source at init ?
public let remoteLoading: Bool // Is your remote source still loading the data ?
public let refreshLoading: Bool // Used for refreshing the whole struct
public let error: Error? // Has any error happened during the fetch ? (that's the last happened)


CollectionState is basically the same as DataState but with an array of objects.

The thing here, is that CollectionStates were designed to handle pagination.

See Paged Example for more information.

All variables in DataState are included in CollectionState.
Added variables:

public let paginationEnabled: Bool // Pagination can be switched off if not used
public let paginationLoading: Bool // Is a new page being loaded ?
public let currentPage: Int
public let totalPages: Int // can usually be fetched from the server reponse headers
public let totalItems: Int // can usually be fetched from the server reponse headers



This object needs 3 type of data:

public let data: T?
public let itemsCount: Int? // Total count of items server-side
public let pagesCount: Int? // Number of pages available to request

It is initialised from your network return, here is an example:

let data = try Mapper<T>(context: context).mapArray(JSONString: jsonString)
let totalString = response.allHeaderFields["pagination-total-count"] as? String ?? "0"
let total = Int(totalString) ?? 0
return Paged(data: data, itemsCount: total, pagesCount: total / perPage + 1)

The actual implementation of Paged depends on your webServices and how data is returned.


PagedCollectionController is the data structure that will manage your processing of pages: remaining, loading, data…

Initialisation takes a closure as parameter : (_ page: Int) -> Observable<Paged<[T]>>
T being here the object type you are requesting.

Usually, this closure will be a network call, using the page number in the request parameters to load the according page.

See Paged Example for more information.

PagedUITableView & PagedUICollectionView

Subclasses of UITableView & UICollectionView to work with the PagedCollectionController and handle pagination.

They also add a pullToRefresh on top of the view since it is natively supported by UITableView since iOS10

You can set the loadingColor property after init to set the refreshControl’s color.

They can use classic Delegate & DataSource, but they also come with a PagedUITableViewDataSource & PagedUICollectionViewDataSource if you want them to be paged.

Those protocols are the same as UIKit’s respective, they just add two functions in the protocol

public protocol PagedUITableView: UITableView {
  func loadMore() // Called when a new page needs to be loaded

  func refreshData() // Used to reload the whole tableView on pullToRefresh

NOTE: the loadMore() triggers on dequeueReusableCell() when the UI reaches the 5 last items of the table/collectionView. So when you instantiate your cells remember to register them in the tableView and dequeue them as reusable, otherwise pagination won’t work.

They basically work the same way.

See Paged Example for more information.


This is the base viewModel class from which all viewModels should inherit.

It contains simple but useful elements such as :

  • Input/Output Management
  • DisposeBag (RxSwift)

How does the class work exactly and how to declare one… Well, let’s jump to examples, it’s actually very simple !

Basic Example

Let’s say you have a ProfileViewController, where you can add a user as friend, declaring a CleanViewModel would look like this :

enum ProfileInput {
  case addUserTapped

enum ProfileOutput {
  case userAdded

class ProfileViewModel: CleanViewModel<ProfileInput, ProfileOutput> {

  let userInteractor: UserInteractor // Clean Architecture :)

  let userState = DataState<User>.relay(remoteEnabled: true)
  let addState = ActionState.relay(remoteEnabled: true)

  var user: User? {
    return as? User

  override init() {
    userInteractor = UserInteractor() // Clean Architecture :)

    // Load process works with loadRemote & loadLocal, applies to all kinds of State
    // Here launched on init, but can also be triggered in the perform, doesn't matter
      .fetchUser() // This is basically a RxSwift.Observable
      .loadRemote(with: userState) // This loads data into the state
      .disposed(by: self)

  override func perform(_ input: ProfileInput) {
    switch input {
      case .addUserTapped:
        // Load process with only success handled, works only for ActionState
        // this one's disposal is handled in background
        // You can also use the executeAction with only addState as parameter and handle both   
        // success and error by subscribing to addState in your ViewController.
          .addUser() // Again, a RxSwift.Observable
          .executeAction(with: addState, 
                         viewModel: self, 
                         success: .userAdded)

Then, on the viewController’s side, all you have to do to get the output back is :

class ProfileViewController: UIViewController {
  @IBOutlet weak var addButton: UIButton!

  let viewModel = ProfileViewModel()
  var disposeBag = DisposeBag()

  override func viewDidLoad() {

      .subscribe(onNext: { [unowned self] state in
        if state.isGlobalLoading {
          return // Data is still loading
        if let user = viewModel.user {
          self.updateView(forUser: user) // Data was fetched and mapped successfully
        } else {
          // Could not fetch data
      .disposed(by: self.disposeBag)

      .subscribe(onOutput: { output in
        switch output {
          case .userAdded:
            print("User has been added successfully")
      .disposed(by: self.disposeBag)

      .bind(to: self.viewModel)
      .disposed(by: self.disposeBag)

Paged example

Let’s say you have a MessagesViewController, where you need to display a paged list of messages, declaring a CleanViewModel would look like this :

enum MessagesInput {
  case refreshData
  case loadMore

enum MessagesOutput {

class MessagesViewModel: CleanViewModel<MessagesInput, MessagesOutput> {

  let messagesInteractor: MessagesInteractor // Clean Architecture :)

  lazy var pagedController = PagedCollectionController<Message> { [unowned self] page in
    return self.messagesInteractor.getMessages(forPage: page)

  var messagesState: BehaviorRelay<CollectionState<Message>> {
    return pagedController.relay

  var messages: [Message] {
    return ?? []

  override init() {
    messagesInteractor = MessagesInteractor() // Clean Architecture :)

  override func perform(_ input: ProfileInput) {
    switch input {
      case .loadMore:
      case .refreshData:

Then, on the viewController’s side :

class MessagesViewController: UIViewController {
  @IBOutlet weak var tableView: PagedUITableView!

  let viewModel = MessagesViewModel()
  var disposeBag = DisposeBag()

  override func viewDidLoad() {

    self.tableView.dataSource = self

      .disposed(by: self.disposeBag)


extension ProfileViewController: PagedUITableViewDataSource {
  // don't forget the required function to conform to UITableViewDataSource
  // such as for example:
  func numberOfSections(in tableView: UITableView) {
    return viewModel.messages

  // and add the two extras from PagedUITableViewDataSource
  func loadMore() {

  func refreshData() {

And you’re all set, everytime the tableView/collectionView will reach its 5 last items, it will trigger the next page’s request.


‘Tonbouy’, Nico Ribeiro, [email protected]

Special Thanks to ‘ndmt’, Nicolas Dumont, without who this could never have existed.


CleanUtils is available under the MIT license. See the LICENSE file for more info.

Latest podspec

    "name": "CleanUtils",
    "version": "1.0.0",
    "summary": "Swift toolkit to help building simple and clean viewModels with states handling using RxSwift",
    "homepage": "",
    "license": {
        "type": "MIT",
        "file": "LICENSE"
    "authors": {
        "Tonbouy": "[email protected]"
    "source": {
        "git": "",
        "tag": "v1.0.0"
    "source_files": "CleanUtils/Classes/**/*",
    "platforms": {
        "ios": "10.0"
    "swift_versions": "5.0",
    "frameworks": [
    "dependencies": {
        "RxSwift": [],
        "RxCocoa": []

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