Latest 0.1.3
Homepage https://github.com/wilsonbalderrama/Ax
License MIT
Platforms ios 8.0
Authors

Ax

CI Status
CocoaPods compatible
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License
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Ax is a library written in Swift that helps you to control the flow of asynchronous executions in a organized way.
Inspired by async library.

Overview

Requirements

  • Xcode 8.0+
  • Swift 3.0+
  • iOS 9.0+

What’s It For?

The Problem

For example there could be a case when your asynchronous calls depend each other to run so a naive solution could be nesting your calls like in the example below:


runAsync(afterSeconds: 2, completion: {
  let dataFromTask1 = 1

  self.runAsync(afterSeconds: 2, completion: {
    let dataFromTask2 = 2

    self.runAsync(afterSeconds: 2, completion: {
      let dataFromTask3 = 3

      self.runAsync(afterSeconds: 2, completion: {
        let dataFromTask4 = 4

        print(dataFromTask1) // 1
        print(dataFromTask2) // 2
        print(dataFromTask3) // 3
        print(dataFromTask4) // 4
      })
    })
  })
})

Nesting your asynchronous calls is a common known problem in programming that the community names it as: callback hell, pyramid of doom.

We should avoid this kind of code because it can lead to some really confusing and difficult-to-read code, it is a bad practice.

The Solution

That is when it comes in play Ax, it helps you to call your async calls in a linear way giving the impression that you were running synchronous calls:

import Ax

var dataFromTask1 = 0
var dataFromTask2 = 0
var dataFromTask3 = 0
var dataFromTask4 = 0

Ax.serial(
  tasks: [
    { done in
      self.runAsync(afterSeconds: 2) {
        dataFromTask1 = 1
        done(nil)
      }
    },
    { done in
      self.runAsync(afterSeconds: 2) {
        dataFromTask2 = 2
        done(nil)
      }
    },
    { done in
      self.runAsync(afterSeconds: 2) {
        dataFromTask3 = 3
        done(nil)
      }
    },
    { done in
      self.runAsync(afterSeconds: 2) {
        dataFromTask4 = 4
        done(nil)
      }
    }
  ],
  result: { error in // feedback closure
    print(dataFromTask1)  // outputs 1
    print(dataFromTask2)  // outputs 2
    print(dataFromTask3)  // outputs 3
    print(dataFromTask4)  // outputs 4
  }
)

Important aspects to mention are:

  • The variable done is a closure that accepts an NSError? value, when done is called with a nil that means that the task was run successfully and in other hand if done is called with a NSError value then all subsequents tasks are ignored and then immediately the result closure is executed with the error passed to the done variable.
  • The closures in tasks and result are run in DispatchQoS.QoSClass.background mode, it is up to you if you, for example, want to call the result in the main thread.

Supported Functions

Initially the supported functions are:

  • Serial
  • Parallel

Serial

This function help you to make asynchronous calls in a sequence way, running them in an orderly fashion where the first call is run and after this is finished, the next call is run and so on.

Example:

import Ax

var authorId = ""
var authorBooks = [Book]()

Ax.serial(
  tasks: [
    { done in
      self.getAuthorBy(name: "J. K. Rowling") { error, author in
        guard let author = author else {
          done(NSError(domain: "AppDomain", code: 434, userInfo: [NSLocalizedDescriptionKey: "didn't get author"]))
          return
        }

        authorId = author.id
        done(error)
      }
    },
    { done in
      self.getBooksBy(authorId: authorId, completion: { (error, books: [Book]) in
        authorBooks = books
        done(error)
      })
    }
  ],
  result: { error in
    if let error = error {
      print(error)
      return
    }

    print(authorBooks) // [Book(name: "Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone"), Book(name: "Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets")]
  }
)

Parallel

Helps you to make asynchronous calls in a parallel way, this function will help you when you have a number of fixed calls that you need to perform but it doesn’t matter if they are run all of them at the same time.

Example:

import Ax

let userId = "1"
let profileImageURL = "https://unsplash.it/100"

var userFound: User?
var userImage: UIImage?

Ax.parallel(
  tasks: [
    { done in

      self.getUserBy(id: userId) { error, user in
        guard let user = user else {
          done(NSError(domain: "AppDomain", code: 434, userInfo: [NSLocalizedDescriptionKey: "No user found."]))
          return
        }

        userFound = user
        done(error)
      }
    },
    { done in

      self.getProfileImageBy(url: profileImageURL) { error, image in
        guard let image = image else {
          done(NSError(domain: "AppDomain", code: 435, userInfo: [NSLocalizedDescriptionKey: "Image not found."]))
          return
        }

        userImage = image
        done(error)
      }
    }
  ],
  result: { error in
    if let error = error {
      print(error)
      return
    }

    print(userFound!) // User(name: "Walter While")
    print(userImage!) // <UIImage: 0x618000095a90>, {100, 100}
  }
)

Installation

Ax is available through CocoaPods. To install
it, simply add the following line to your Podfile:

pod "Ax"

Usage

Once installed just import it in your file that you are working:

import Ax

Author

Wilson Balderrama, [email protected]

License

Ax is available under the MIT license. See the LICENSE file for more info.

Latest podspec

{
    "name": "Ax",
    "version": "0.1.3",
    "summary": "Ax is a library written in Swift that helps you to control the flow of asynchronous executions in a simplified way.",
    "description": "Ax is a library written in Swift that helps you to control the flow of asynchronous executions in a simplified way       .",
    "homepage": "https://github.com/wilsonbalderrama/Ax",
    "license": {
        "type": "MIT",
        "file": "LICENSE"
    },
    "authors": {
        "Wilson Balderrama": "[email protected]"
    },
    "source": {
        "git": "https://github.com/wilsonbalderrama/Ax.git",
        "tag": "0.1.3"
    },
    "platforms": {
        "ios": "8.0"
    },
    "source_files": "Ax/**/*"
}

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